The Effect of Labour Market Characteristics on Canadian Immigrant Employment in Precarious Work, 2006-2012


  • Parvinder Hira-Friesen University of Saskatchewan


Immigrants, census metropolitan areas, precarious work, Canada, sex


Using data from the Canadian Labour Force Survey for 2006 through 2012, I examine the effects of characteristics of Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs) on the likelihood of recent and established immigrants and the Canadian born to be employed in precarious work. Using multi-level models, I find that employment in temporary jobs and multiple jobs by both recent and established immigrant males is affected by a CMA’s median hourly earnings as well as the immigrant representation in a CMA. Also, cross-level interactions reveal recent male immigrants to be less likely to be employed in multiple jobs in CMA in which the median wage is higher.